What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a non-contagious skin inflammation that exclusively affects the face. The small surface blood vessels (capillaries) of the skin enlarge, giving the appearance of a permanent flush. The forehead, cheeks and chin may develop yellow-headed pimples. Unlike acne, rosacea does not scar.
The condition first appears between the ages of 30 and 50 years. Frequent flushing or blushing is commonly the first sign. Over time, permanent redness (erythema) may develop as the capillaries enlarge and pustules begin to form. In men, severe rosacea can cause the nose to become reddened and enlarged (rhinophyma).
The symptoms tend to worsen with advancing age. The cause is unknown and there is no permanent cure. Overheating in bed at night may contribute to the development of rosacea.
What are the symptoms of rosacea?
The symptoms of rosacea include:
- enlarged capillaries (telangiectasia)
- a permanent flush across the nose and cheeks
- yellow-headed pimples on the forehead, cheeks, and chin
- non-tender lumps under the skin
- mildly swollen cheeks and nose (hyperplasia)
- frequent blushing
- a sensation of burning or stinging
- a rash that is confined to the face
What are the environmental triggers of rosacea?
Some of the factors that can trigger the rosacea blush or worsen symptoms include:
- hot drinks
- coffee and tea
- spicy foods
- overexposure to sunlight
- emotional stress
- overheating, especially in bed at night
How is rosacea treated?
Treatment options for rosacea depend on the severity, but may include:
- avoidance of known triggers – such as sunlight, alcohol, and spicy foods
- tailored skincare regimen- medical grade skincare lines have been developed to treat conditions such as rosacea. Dr. Taras will recommend a regimen which encompasses a powerful combination of skin-soothing peptides that can calm dry skin and reduce visible signs of redness.